Baramulla has an average elevation of 1593 meters (5226 feet). Baramulla district is the largest district in the entire valley both with reference to the population and area .The district is bounded by Srinagar district and Ganderbal district in the east to the line of control in the West and from Kupwara district in the north and Bandipore district in the northEast to Poonch district in the south and Budgam district in the southwest and Neelum District (POK) in the North.
Baramulla city is located on the banks of Jhelum river at the highest point of the river. The old town lies on the north (right) bank of the river and the new town lies on the south (left) bank. They are connected by five bridges including a suspension bridge connecting Gulnar park with Dewan Bagh. Five more bridges are being constructed or planned. A new bridge will connect Khanpora and Drangbal areas of the City.
The old town is congested and much smaller than the new town. Government offices, civil hospital, district hospital, bus station and most other facilities are situated in the new town. The railway station is on the eastern end of the new town on left bank of the river.
Past the old town, the Jhelum river divides into two channels at Khadanyar just before police headquarters and forms an island that has been designated Eco Park. The river then flows past Uri town to Muzaffarabad town in Kashmir before crossing into Pakistan.
Baramulla district has distinction of having geographical diversity as it has in its jurisdiction, sub-temperate / sub-tropical areas apart from vast area falling in temperate zone.
It has severe cold climate in winter and a pleasant weather in summer. Almost all parts of the district experience snowfall during winter. Snowfall in Gulmarg is known for winter sports. Average annual rainfall in District Baramulla has been recorded as 1270 mm. The district is worth visiting in the winters for enjoying the snowfall and for winter sports, and also in the summers for enjoying the pleasant climate.