As per 2001 census, Baramulla district had a population of 8,53,344. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. It had a literacy rate of 44%, lower than the national average of 64.84%; with 63% of the males and 37% of females. Literate 11% of the population was under 6 years of age.

       According to the 2011 census, Baramulla district has a population of 1,008,039. Of the total population, 534,733 (53.05%) were males and 473,306 (46.95%) were females, the sex ratio being 885 females for every 1,000 males, a decrease from 905 in 2001 census, and much lower than the national average of 940. The sex ratio for children in 0 to 6 year age group was even less at 866. The district has a population density of 305 inhabitants per square kilometre. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.34%. Baramula has a literacy rate of 66.93% with male literacy 77.35% and female literacy 55.01%.

       Baramulla town is the largest town in the district and the fourth most populous town in the state with a population of 1,67,986 as per 2011 census.